As we try to carve a way out of white supremacist institutions in the US, we will be looking at texts that help explain how such abominations were created. We will be looking at Khalil Gibran Muhammad’s seminal text, “The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America.” Please join us for this bi-weekly study group.
For this meetup we’re reading Chapter 3: Incriminating Culture: The Limits of Racial Liberalism in the Progressive Era.
For this study group, read the text and come to the meet up to discuss it.
You can download the text here: https://thebasebk.org/texts
A brief description of the text:
Lynch mobs, chain gangs, and popular views of black southern criminals that defined the Jim Crow South are well known. We know less about the role of the urban North in shaping views of race and crime in American society.
Following the 1890 census, the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery, crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic references to America as the promised land of opportunity were woven into a cautionary tale about the exceptional threat black people posed to modern urban society. Excessive arrest rates and over representation in northern prisons were seen by many whites―liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners―as indisputable proof of blacks’ inferiority. In the heyday of “separate but equal,” what else but pathology could explain black failure in the “land of opportunity”?
The idea of black criminality was crucial to the making of modern urban America, as were African Americans’ own ideas about race and crime. Chronicling the emergence of deeply embedded notions of black people as a dangerous race of criminals by explicit contrast to working-class whites and European immigrants, this fascinating book reveals the influence such ideas have had on urban development and social policies.